An injury to the spinal cord is a catastrophic injury because it typically causes at least some permanent, irreversible disability. The tissue of the spinal cord controls important physical and nerve functions. And like brain tissue, spinal cord tissue can never grow back. Victims of spinal cord injuries may be left paralyzed or lose important physical functions, depending on the severity and location of the damage. These injuries are medically, financially and emotionally complicated, so victims should always talk to an experienced spinal cord injury attorney if they are considering a lawsuit.